The Catahoula Leopard dog originated in Louisiana and is a very unique breed from both a physical and psychological point of view.
The breed is also called "Catahoula Hound", "Catahoula Cur" (which is the correct term) or just "Leopard Dog" because of it's spotted coat. More rarely, you'll also hear "Catahoula Hog Dog", revealing its history in hunting wild boar.
||60 - 88 lbs / 27 - 40 kg|
||55 - 77 lbs / 25 - 35 kg|
||20 - 28 in / 51 - 71 cm|
||20 - 27 in / 51 - 69 cm|
||10 to 14 years|
Story of the Catahoula
The Catahoula Leopard Dog, often shortened to "Cat" by enthusiasts, is a dog that originated in Louisiana, a southern state of the United States.
It's ancestors are likely Mastiffs and Greyhounds that were brought into the USA by boat through the conquistador Hernando de Soto in the 16th century.
Those war and hunting dogs were left to local tribes and those tribes mixed them with wolves. Those dogs may also have been mixed with the Beauceron.
This very appreciated dog, got his name from a village of Louisiana and became it's mascot in 1979, it's also at that time that he earned his complete and official title: the Catahoula Leopard Dog.
Catahoula coat colors
What kind of dogs are Catahoulas ?
The Catahoula Leopard Dog is fearless, powerful, athletic and brave, he will not hesitate to attack a wild boar.
The "Cat" is a dog that has tons of energy and that needs to express it, one hour of moderate activity like running is a minimum every day !
The Catahoula Leopard Dog is loyal, affectionate, independent and smart but it's of paramount importance to remember that he has a "primitive" dog psychology.
Therefore, the Leopard Cur needs a "iron hand in a velvet glove" kind of education: strict but soft at the same time. The owners must have experience with a dominant kind of breed. You will always have to maintain your Catahoula under control. It's is not however an aggressive dog.
If it's encouraged and stimulated enough, the Catahoula Leopard Dog is multipurpose: hunting, protection, family dog …
Do Catahoulas have health issues ?
The Catahoula Leopard Dog is relatively free of a lot of diseases, however it is still prone to hip dysplasia (as much as the other breeds) and deafness.
The gene responsible for making the Catahoulas spotted coat so beautiful is also linked to deafness. The more the dog is white, the more they can be unilaterally or unilaterally deaf and they can loose their hearing with time.
When buying a puppy it is important to choose from a reputable breeder, and do not hesitate to ask if the puppy’s parents have been screened for genetic defects.
How to feed a Catahoula ?
As a rule of thumb, the Catahoula Leopard Dog should eat between 3.5 and 5 cups (3.5 - 5*240ml) of high quality dry food.
But, just like us humans, the quantity depends on size, metabolism, activity level and age.
Food quality also makes a difference, since kibble may contain empty calories while others can be very nutritious and you won't have to pour as much.
Give your Catahoula two meals per day.
How to groom a Catahoula ?
The Catahoula Leopard Dog is fairly easy to groom. Trim the nails, keep the teeth and ears clean just like any other dog.
You'll also have to brush him weekly to keep his coat perfect, and give him a bath a couple of times in the year.
The Leopard Cur sheds moderately but constantly.